The conquistadores history in the letter of hernan cortes to charles v of spain

Both at the beginning and end of every meal, they furnished water for the hands; and the napkins used on these occasions were never used a second time; this was the case also with the plates and dishes, which were not brought again, but new ones in place of them; it was the same also with the chafing-dishes.

However, there may be more to the picture than this. Thus they have an idol that they petition for victory in war; another for success in their labors; and so for everything in which they seek or desire prosperity, they have their idols, which they honor and serve.

By the early s, he owned 20 silver mines in Sultepec12 in Taxcoand 3 in Zacualpan. At all the entrances of the city, and in those parts where the canoes are discharged, that is, where the greatest quantity of provisions is brought in, huts are erected, and persons stationed as guards, who receive a certain sum of everything that enters.

Some, though not all, Spanish accounts downplay the support of their indigenous allies. This second letter that Cortez wrote to King Charles describes his efforts to keep his men from deserting him and how he managed to divide and conquer the native tribes of Mexico, all in the name of Christianity and the for the King of Spain.

The whole city is thus served with water, which they carry in canoes through all the streets for sale, taking it from the aqueduct in the following manner: Scanned by Jerome S. He finally left for Hispaniola in and became a colonist.

Thus, from that time, they refrained from the practice, and during the whole period of my abode in that city, they were never seen to kill or sacrifice a human being.

Second Letter of Hernán Cortés

He was received by Charles with every distinction, and decorated with the order of Santiago. This city has many public squares, in which are situated the markets and other places for buying and selling. I shall not be able to relate an hundredth part of what could be told respecting these matters; but I will endeavor to describe, in the best manner in my power, what I have myself seen; and imperfectly as I may succeed in the attempt, I am fully aware that the account will appear so wonderful as to be deemed scarcely worthy of credit; since even we who have seen these things with our own eyes, are yet so amazed as to be unable to comprehend their reality.

There were in the same palace several large halls on the ground floor, filled with immense cages built of heavy pieces of timber, well put together, in all or most of which were kept lions, tigers, wolves, foxes, and a variety of animals of the cat kind, in great numbers, which were fed also on fowls.

An abundant supply of excellent water, forming a volume equal in bulk to the human body, is conveyed by one of these pipes, and distributed about the city, where it is used by the inhabitants for drink and other purposes.

There are apothecaries' shops, where prepared medicines, liquids, ointments, and plasters are sold; barbers' shops, where they wash and shave the head; and restaurateurs, that furnish food and drink at a certain price.

Within the document, there is a push by the narrative to view the Natives as savages, but the central sense from the letters is that the Aztecs had a civilized society.

Narrative Letter by Hernán Cortés

This strait is a bow-shot wide, and connects the two lakes; and by this means a trade is carried on between the cities and other settlements on the lakes in canoes without the necessity of traveling by land.

The inhabitants of this city pay a greater regard to style in their mode of dress and politeness of manners than those of the other provinces and cities; since, as the Cacique Moctezuma has his residence in the capital, and all the nobility, his vassals, are in constant habit of meeting there, a general courtesy of demeanor necessarily prevails.

Through this captain, God opened the door for us to preach his holy gospel and it was he who caused the Indians to revere the holy sacraments and respect the ministers of the church.

There is one square twice as large as that of the city of Salamanca, surrounded by porticoes, where are daily assembled more than sixty thousand souls, engaged in buying and selling; and where are found all kinds of merchandise that the world affords, embracing the necessaries of life, as for instance articles of food, as well as jewels of gold and silver, lead, brass, copper, tin, precious stones, bones, shells, snails, and feathers.

To this end, our world is much the same in this day and time in that religion and acquisition of lands drives our behavior in how we treat other peoples.

The influence of Garay was effectively stopped by this appeal to the King who sent out a decree forbidding Garay to interfere in the politics of New Spain, causing him to give up without a fight.

Hernán Cortés

Both at the beginning and end of every meal, they furnished water for the hands; and the napkins used on these occasions were never used a second time; this was the case also with the plates and dishes, which were not brought again, but new ones in place of them; it was the same also with the chafing-dishes.

There are bridges, very large, strong, and well constructed, so that, over many, ten horsemen can ride abreast There he concentrated on the building of his palace and on Pacific exploration.

On one side of the lakes, in the middle of the valley, a range of highlands divides them from one another, with the exception of a narrow strait which lies between the highlands and the lofty sierras.

Hernán Cortés Critical Essays

In the upper portion, there is a "black eagle with two heads on a white field, which are the arms of the empire". Wood and coal are seen in abundance, and braziers of earthenware for burning coals; mats of various kinds for beds, others of a lighter sort for seats, and for halls and bedrooms.

I answered, through the interpreters, that they were deceived in expecting any favors from idols, the work of their own hands, formed of unclean things; and that they must learn there was but one God, the universal Lord of all, who had created the heavens and earth, and all things else, and had made them and us; that He was without beginning and immortal, and they were bound to adore and believe Him, and no other creature or thing.

There was another palace that contained a number of men and women of monstrous size, and also dwarfs, and crooked and ill-formed persons, each of which had their separate apartments. While Cortez desired to obtain royal favor, he also truly desired to spread Christianity to the native peoples of Mexico.

The Second letters to Charles V were written by Hernan Cortés of Spain in The letters were sent to Charles V to justify Cortés actions of attacking the Aztec’s against his superiors order.

Letter of Opposition to Relocation of National Archives for Black Women's History () Letter of Support for the Federal Records Act Amendments of Resources for Historians Teaching and Learning in the Digital Age The History of the Americas The Conquest of Mexico Letters from Hernan Cortes.

Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire

In This Section. Biography; Reflective. But as nearly as I have been able to learn, his territories are equal in extent to Spain itself, for he sent messengers to the inhabitants of a city called Cumatan (requiring them to become subjects of your Majesty), which is sixty leagues beyond that part of Putunchan watered by the river Grijalva, and two hundred and thirty leagues distant from the great city; and I sent some of our people a distance of one.

The Saylor Foundation 2 3. First, he does this because of the nature of the Spanish conquest of the New World; and second, because of both Hernán Cortés and Emperor Charles V’s religiosity. The Second Letter of Henan Cortes to Charles V Essay Document Analysis: The Second Letter of Henan Cortés to Charles V The Second letters to Charles V were written by Hernan Cortés of Spain.

Cortés was born in the Spanish town of Medellin in approximately His father, Martín Cortés de Monroy, was a minor aristocrat without titled lands who nonetheless provided his son with the.

The conquistadores history in the letter of hernan cortes to charles v of spain
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HistorySpr The Second Letter of Cortez to King Charles V of Spain